Buffalo schools fail kids when teaching that all White people play part in systemic racism: Rufo - Fox News

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Buffalo schools have adopted a curriculum that pushes the controversial idea that all White people perpetuate systemic racism, while 80% of its students fail to reach proficiency in reading and writing, an editor said Wednesday.  City Journal editor Chris Rufo, during an appearance on "The Ingraham Angle," said the "diversity czar" of Buffalo public schools was caught on tape saying she believes that America's sickness leads some White people to believe Black people are less than human.  One of the district's instructional materials also includes the assertion that "all White people play a part in perpetuating systemic racism." He said the narrative of system racism has also spread to schools across the country, which shifts attention away from "their own abysmal failure to educate kids." BUFFALO'S SCHOOL DISTRICT TELLS STUDENTS THAT 'ALL WHITE PEOPLE PLAY A PART IN PERPETUATING SYSTEMIC RACISM' "Woke academics and

The Best Online MBA Programs Of 2021 - Poets&Quants

The Best Online MBA Programs Of 2021 - Poets&Quants


The Best Online MBA Programs Of 2021 - Poets&Quants

Posted: 09 Nov 2020 12:00 AM PST

Kelley School of Business Kelley Business School at Indiana University/Photo by Josh Anderson

When Amani Jambhekar was finishing her general surgery residency at New York's Presbyterian Hospital in Brooklyn, she noticed a couple of problems. "I didn't really have any female mentors at all," Jambhekar says, noting the field of surgery is similar to engineering or finance in one key way— it is dominated by men.

This led to Jambhekar's second, more specific, problem: Women residents had to share a bathroom with male residents and attending surgeons. "Which was really gross and inappropriate," she says. It was also not practical. "If you were a female resident in my program and you were on call, you had to go hunt around for a restroom to use," Jambhekar says.

That was something of a final straw for Jambhekar, who decided she wanted to effect change by earning an MBA. After much research, she decided the best way to do that was through Kelley Direct, the online MBA program at Indiana University's Kelley School of Business. "In my field, in surgery, there are not very many women and I really wanted to get an MBA to eventually be in a leadership position," Jambhekar explains. "And not just be in a leadership position, but be a good leader and advocate for more women in surgery and do it by speaking the language of the decision-makers."

A RECORD 47 ONLINE MBA PROGRAMS INCLUDED IN THIS YEAR'S RANKING

Transformation, self-improvement, upward mobility: It's what Indiana Kelley's online MBA program, which placed first in this year's Poets&Quants Best Online MBA Programs of 2021, was created to do. And so much more, says Ramesh Venkataraman, associate dean for Information and Instructional Technologies and the Chair of the Kelley Direct MBA.

"There's still a thought that the online MBA is not an integral part of a school," Venkataraman says. "In many places, the online MBA is a way to make money, which is not the case here. For us, it's another offering."

Kelley captured this year's first-place ranking by switching spots with last year's winner, Carnegie Mellon University's Tepper School of Business, which slipped to second this year. The University of Southern California's Marshall School of Business remained in third place for the second straight year, solidifying those three schools as the top-three for two years in a row. This year's ranking — our fourth annual — was the biggest and most competitive with 47 schools participating, up from 35 the past two years and 25 the inaugural year.

THIS YEAR'S TOP TEN INCLUDES NEWCOMERS AND SURPRISES

Kelley has been knocking at the first-place door in each of the three previous annual rankings, finishing second twice and third once behind Carnegie Mellon and USC Marshall. It is also the most affordably priced of the winners at $74,520, some $37,000 less than the online MBA at USC, and about $67,000 under the hybrid online MBA at Carnegie Mellon.

Following third-place USC Marshall is George Washington University's Online MBA, which surged 20 spots from 24th last year to fourth this year. George Washington's meteoric surge was buoyed by a second-place finish in our admissions methodological category. The University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School's online MBA program gained two spots, moving from seventh last year to fifth. Villanova's School of Business also catapulted 21 spots from 28th last year to seventh this year, thanks to a second-place finish in the academic experience portion of the methodology. Newcomers University of Washington's Foster School of Business and Santa Clara University's Leavey School of Business debuted in the rankings at ninth and 10th, respectively.

  1. Indiana University (Kelley), $74,520
  2. Carnegie Mellon University (Tepper), $141,320
  3. University of Southern California (Marshall), $111,663
  4. George Washington University, $100,883
  5. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (Kenan-Flagler), $125,589
  6. Lehigh University, $41,595
  7. Villanova University, $66,000
  8. Auburn University (Harbert), $35,375
  9. University of Washington (Foster), $78,000
  10. Santa Clara University (Leavey), $83,510

THE ONLINE MBA MARKET IS FAST-MOVING AND DYNAMIC

In a fast-moving, dynamic market, with newly entered prominent players, it's often difficult to assess programs that have yet to graduate a single class or prefer not to cooperate with a third-party analysis of their online experience. The University of Michigan's Ross School of Business, which only entered the online MBA market in 2019, and Boston University's Questrom School of Business, which welcomed its first cohort this fall, are among the schools that fall in the former bucket. The University of Illinois' Gies College of Business, with what has been the fastest-growing MBA on the planet in recent years, are in the latter category. Gies has decided against putting its $22,000 iMBA program in rankings (see Online MBA Rankings? No Thank You, Says Gies).

Poets&Quants' ranked programs, however, are among the most time-tested and highly admired online MBA options in the world. Many of them have been ranked by Poets&Quants for all four years and have delivered highly consistent levels of student satisfaction and overall quality. In a global market, with more than 350 online MBA options, the 47 schools on the list are the best of the bunch, roughly the top 15% of all the virtual MBA programs in the world.

Studying for a graduate degree online has become an increasingly popular way to earn an MBA due to both the flexibility it offers students and the more reasonable price tags on virtual options. As an online MBA student, you don't have to quit your job and you can take the courses from anywhere in the world with an Internet connection. The vast majority of online options are significantly less expensive than their residential counterparts. But programs vary greatly and the more expensive online alternatives often feature live weekly Internet classes, in-residence experiences, global immersions, a larger portfolio of elective courses, and one-on-one career coaching.

HOW WE CRUNCH THE NUMBERS FOR THE RANKING

From the very beginning, Poets&Quants has assessed the quality of programs on three equally weighted categories — admissions standards, academic experience, and career outcomes–based on surveys of recent alumni and program administrators. The admissions standards use average undergraduate GPAs, average years of work experience, acceptance rates, and average GMAT scores taking into consideration percentages of those that reported GMAT scores and percentages of those that had the scores waived because they had at least 10 years of work experience.

The academic experience and career outcomes sections are based on an alumni survey of 2020 graduates. The survey, which has 46 questions was conducted between May and October of this year. For the alumni survey to count, schools had to meet the minimum 10% response rate. All but four schools met that threshold.

The nature of this ranking means schools can fluctuate in how they place from year to year. Two-thirds of the methodology comes directly from alumni responses, which means one graduating class can place its school higher or lower. Villanova and George Washington, for example, were both able to surge 20 positions or more thanks to improved placements in the academic experience category, where Villanova placed second and George Washington placed 12th. Meanwhile, schools like the University of Michigan-Dearborn and the University of North Dakota dropped around 20 places. Michigan-Dearborn placed 41st this year in the academic experience category and North Dakota placed 38th in career outcomes.

Other schools, however, have remained more consistent, thanks to stable alumni scores over the years. As mentioned, USC, Indiana, and Carnegie Mellon have all remained in the top-three the past two years and the top-four the past three years. Likewise, Auburn, Lehigh, and UNC have all staked claims in the top-10 the past three years. (Click here for a detailed look at this year's methodology.)

KELLEY WON THE ACADEMIC EXPERIENCE CATEGORY

Lehigh University topped the admissions category. Propelling Lehigh to the win in the category was its GMAT average score of 629. Just 34% of the incoming class reported a GMAT score, but 78% had their GMAT scores waived because of having 10 years of work experience or more. Worcester Polytechnic Institute's Foisie School had the highest average undergraduate GPA at 3.54. Students at George Washington University, Jack Welch Management Institute, and Rochester Institute of Technology all had an average of 15 years of work experience when they entered the online MBA programs last year. And Jack Welch had the toughest acceptance rate at just under 25%. George Washington finished second in the admissions category and Indiana Kelley finished third.

Kelley led the academic experience category without outright winning any specific data section. Some 80% of the weight in the academic experience area is given to the average score of 15 questions scaled one-to-10. The University of Texas-Dallas had the highest average score from alumni with 9.63. Indiana Kelley followed with 9.446. Questions asked alumni above their experiences with consulting projects, school clubs, international experiences, career services, professors, and fellow classmates. The other 20% in the category was awarded based on the average percentage of students reporting they had an international experience, consulting project, and opportunity to participate in a student club. Villanova's School of Business topped the category with 63.33% reporting they had at least one of the above experiences. Indiana Kelley again placed second at 60%. Overall, Villanova finished second in the academic experience category with the University of North Carolina's Kenan-Flagler Business School finishing in third.

Lastly, The College of William & Mary's Mason School topped the career outcomes category. Also based on the alumni survey, schools were awarded points based on the percentage of students reporting a promotion or raise as a direct result of the program, the percentage of students saying they reached their primary or secondary career goal, and an average of scaled one-to-10 questions asking about the career services and mentors offered by the school. The University of Maryland's Smith School of Business followed William & Mary in second and Santa Clara University's Leavey School of Business rounded out the top three.

The 2021 Poets&Quants Online MBA Rankings Package

THE BEST ONLINE MBA PROGRAMS OF 2021

HOW ONLINE MBA STUDENTS RATE THEIR EXPERIENCE

HOW ONLINE MBAS RATE THE IMPACT OF THE DEGREE ON THEIR CAREERS

ACCEPTANCE RATES FOR THE TOP ONLINE MBA PROGRAMS

AVERAGE GMAT, GRE & GPAS FOR THE 2021 TOP ONLINE MBA PROGRAMS 

AVERAGE WORK EXPERIENCE OF STUDENTS AT THE TOP 2021 ONLINE MBA OPTIONS

MOST & LEAST EXPENSIVE TOP ONLINE MBA PROGRAMS OF 2021

VIDEO: DEANS' PANEL — A CONVERSATION WITH LEADERS OF THE TOP ONLINE MBA OPTIONS

PODCAST: MBA ALTERNATIVES: A BUSINESS CASUAL CONVERSATION ON THE PROS AND CONS OF MBA ALTERNATIVES FROM ONLINE MBAS TO PART-TIME MBAS AND EXECUTIVE MBA PROGRAMS 

VIDEO: OUR BACKSTAGE WEBINAR SERIES ON THE TOP ONLINE MBA PROGRAMS

THE METHODOLOGY BEHIND P&Q'S 2021 ONLINE MBA RANKING

To get kids back in Iowa schools, Gov. Reynolds indicates she will push for law requiring it - The Gazette

Posted: 09 Dec 2020 05:20 PM PST

JOHNSTON — Gov. Kim Reynolds reiterated her belief Wednesday that K-12 students should be in the classroom, even during the COVID-19 pandemic, and in doing so appeared to indicate she will push for a requirement that all districts offer students an option for 100 percent in-person instruction.

During a news conference at Iowa PBS studios, Reynolds cited studies showing the virus does not spread as rapidly among school-aged children as it does adults, and expressed concern that students who are learning remotely could fall behind.

The Republican governor invited to speak at her news conference Sarah Barthole, an Ankeny school district parent who has urged that district to resume full-time, in-person instruction. Ankeny this school year has alternated between a hybrid schedule that meets the state's threshold for at least half in-person instruction and fully remote learning.

Reynolds praised Barthole's advocacy for full-time instruction, and the governor ended her news conference by appealing to parents to become advocates for schools resuming their in-person instruction.

"I think parents need the opportunity to also have the (option) to go 100 percent in the classroom," Reynolds said. "I would just encourage parents out there to talk to your educators, talk to your school boards, and let's get our kids back in school."

» READ MORE: COVID is rarely spread in Iowa classrooms — it's spread in communities, local health officials say

As of Monday, 26 of Iowa's 300-plus school districts had at least one building that was in hybrid or fully remote instruction, according to state Education Department data.

Many districts seeking waivers for online learning have said they don't have enough staff — teachers, bus drivers, custodians, lunchroom employees — available even if students were forced to be in schools.

Over half a dozen Eastern Iowa districts began transitioning to online-only instruction after receiving the temporary waivers from the Iowa Department of Education in mid-November citing staffing shortages — not student absences.

The Cedar Rapids Community School District, for one, was in temporary online learning from Nov. 12 to Dec. 4, because of staff absences that impacted every department — including teachers, bus drivers and food service employees — who were out with a case of COVID-19 or in a 14-day quarantine.

College Community, Clear Creek Amana, Central City, Alburnett and Springville are among other area school districts that reached critical points last month of being able to maintain enough staffing for in-person learning.

Reynolds said that if state law is to change the way she advocated, it must start with lawmakers when they return in January for the 2021 legislative session.

"Fifty percent of in-person learning shouldn't be a limiting factor; it should be a starting point," Reynolds said. "Now we can use the knowledge that we've gained and the overwhelming evidence that now exists to get our students back in the classroom full time and make up for the learning that they've lost."

Any legislative proposal would have to start with fellow Republicans, who hold majorities in both chambers of the Legislature, scheduled to convene Jan. 11.

"I would be happy to work with the governor on legislation to ensure a safe, 100 percent in-person option for students in Iowa public schools," Jack Whitver, the Iowa Senate Majority Leader from Ankeny, said in an emailed response to a question. "After missing months of school this spring and at best a disjointed fall semester, the loss of instructional time is showing up in declining student test scores. In-person education is vital to keep students from falling further behind and to help them recover the knowledge and skills they have lost this year."

A spokesman for Iowa House Speaker Pat Grassley, R-New Hartford, did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Over the past two weeks, 12 percent of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Iowa were among children 17 years or younger, according to state public health data. That same age group represents 23 percent of Iowa's population, census data shows.

Reynolds said state case investigation data suggests most COVID-19 cases in schools have been the result of transmission outside of school, and that most cases are occurring among staff not students.

Schoolteachers and staff are in the second tier of workers who will become eligible to receive the COVID-19 vaccine under the state's distribution plan. Hospital workers and staff and residents at long-term care facilities comprise the first group.

Asked if the state forces schools to return to 100 percent in-person instruction, or offer that option to all students, whether it also will prioritize school staff in that second round of vaccinations, Reynolds referred to a working group that begins meeting Thursday.

"We've had a lot of correspondence about different workforces that feel that they're essential workers so we're collecting all of those and then the group will start to work though some of those decision points," Reynolds said.

Grace King of The Gazette contributed to this report.

A Biden Administration Could Bring Big Changes To Schools And Colleges - NPR

Posted: 10 Nov 2020 12:00 AM PST

President-elect Joe Biden stands on stage with his wife, Jill Biden, on Saturday in Wilmington, Del. The incoming first lady is an English professor at Northern Virginia Community College. Carolyn Kaster/AP hide caption

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Carolyn Kaster/AP

President-elect Joe Biden stands on stage with his wife, Jill Biden, on Saturday in Wilmington, Del. The incoming first lady is an English professor at Northern Virginia Community College.

Carolyn Kaster/AP

With the eyes of the country upon him, Joe Biden shouted out education during his speech Saturday in Wilmington, Del: "For American educators, this is a great day for you all. You're going to have one of your own in the White House."

Of course, the president-elect was talking about his wife, Jill Biden, an English professor at Northern Virginia Community College. She taught throughout Biden's two terms as vice president, and in a break with precedent, intends to continue as first lady.

Which raises the question, as the transition planning moves forward: How has this perspective shaped the president-elect's education agenda? And how much of that agenda can Joe Biden hope to achieve, with the massive challenges of the coronavirus and the economic recession, and with Democratic control of the Senate in doubt?

Here's our overview of his policy priorities for K-12 and higher education:

Reopening schools safely

Like so much in the country, experts say, the president's education agenda must start by confronting the threat of the coronavirus. As of Nov. 9, according to one national estimate, 63% of U.S. students were enrolled in districts that offered some in-person learning at least a few days a week.

But even within those districts, many or most students are staying home to avoid the virus. And education experts still forecast huge amounts of learning loss and negative social and emotional impacts, especially for younger students, those with special needs and lower-income students.

The question of whether, and when, to reopen schools became a political debate over the summer when President Trump called forcefully for reopening without providing additional funding through Congress. Biden, by contrast, has publicly noted the estimate by the School Superintendents Association and the Association of Educational Service Agencies that K-12 education needs at least $200 billion in emergency funding.

This week the president-elect named a COVID-19 task force, composed of doctors and public health experts. Some members have spoken cautiously in favor of reopening schools, but only with proper safety measures in place — and the resources to do it right.

For example, Dr. Vivek Murthy, the co-chair of the new task force, wrote on Twitter in September: "3 keys to open schools: low community prevalence of virus (critical), safety precautions (eg reduced class sizes, universal masking), and resources for implementation."

Dr. Ezekiel Emanuel, another task force member, co-authored an op-ed in The New York Times in July that outlined safe school reopening guidelines. "We all want schools to open, even as we recognize the risks attached," the piece noted. But it also reinforced the idea, "Being safe is not free." In other words, following measures such as social distancing and smaller class sizes takes additional funding.

That includes hiring teachers and substitutes to keep schools staffed. Becky Pringle, president of the National Education Association, told NPR that by the union's estimates almost 1 million educators have been laid off since the passage of the initial coronavirus relief package in the spring.

Aside from funding, experts told NPR they expect a Biden Department of Education to do more to help schools operate through the pandemic. Scott Sargrad at the left-leaning Center for American Progress said, "I think you'll certainly hear from the Education Department more of an effort to actually provide guidance to school districts on ... how to ensure that, if you're considering reopening, that they can do that safely, how to improve their remote learning strategies."

The urgency of the pandemic — and a closely divided Senate, with control awaiting the outcome of two Georgia runoffs in January — also means that a coronavirus relief package could end up being this administration's most significant intervention in public schools.

Michael J. Petrilli of the conservative-leaning Thomas B. Fordham Institute pointed to the Obama-era Race to the Top initiative as a potential model. In 2009, tasked with crafting a giant economic rescue package amid the financial crisis, the Obama administration created a funding competition for states. Race to the Top influenced the adoption of the Common Core State Standards, high-stakes evaluations for teachers, data systems for schools and other innovations.

This time, Petrilli said, "I think the Biden folks are likely to be looking very carefully at what goes into this relief bill and try to get [Senate Majority Leader Mitch] McConnell and other Republicans to go along with as much as they can, to get some of their larger agenda."

Teacher pay and respect

The U.S. Education Department controls only around 10% of the dollars spent on K-12 public education in this country. A lot of that comes through the $16 billion Title I program, which goes to schools serving the most high-poverty students. The Biden campaign pledged to triple that funding and, first off, direct states to use it preferentially to bump up teacher pay. Teachers consistently make about 20% less than other professionals with the same amount of education — a number that has risen slightly in the wake of teacher walkouts in many states in 2018.

That's a lot of money, and the fate of Biden's Title I proposal is unknown, as is whether the federal government will be successful in telling cash-strapped states how to allocate that money if they do pass it.

Of course, one of the biggest ways in which the incoming administration will signal its support for educators is through the naming of an education secretary. "It is a teacher. A teacher. Promise," Biden told the NEA, the nation's largest teachers union, back in July 2019.

"It seems like something we would take for granted, that the secretary of education would be an educator," the NEA's Pringle said. "But no, it is something we have to say out loud." And she added, "It brings a smile to my face to say it."

However, that doesn't necessarily mean a K-12 teacher. "The most politically savvy thing for them to do," the Fordham Institute's Petrilli said, "is to pick somebody from the world of higher education who can get around some of the complications with their reform wing versus the union wing within the [Democratic Party]."

The Education Department wields a much bigger budgetary impact on higher education, through student aid, than it does with K-12. So, having someone in charge who's an expert in higher ed — for example the president of a historically black college or a community college — makes a lot of sense, Petrilli said.

Rights and equity

The education secretary wields oversight on issues of discrimination, segregation and bias through the Office for Civil Rights. During her controversial tenure, the current secretary, Betsy DeVos, made headlines for rolling back rights for students who are transgender, and for guidance on racially discriminatory discipline.

Pringle said her union will be looking to Biden's Education Department to be a partner: "On racial justice. Social justice. The work we still have to do for women and girls ... the rights of our LGBTQ students."

Sargrad of the Center for American Progress agreed: "I think we'll see a real effort to actually enforce our nation's civil rights laws, and rebuild the Office for Civil Rights and make sure that they are investigating complaints, that they're pursuing cases, that they're taking their role as enforcing civil rights laws seriously."

Early childhood education

The president-elect has promised a broad expansion of K-12 to include 3- and 4-year-olds in the form of "high-quality, universal" prekindergarten.

Publicly funded preschool has been gaining momentum in the states over the past two decades. Tulsa, Okla., adopted an influential and high-quality program in 2001, with promising long-term results. Washington, D.C., and New York City have programs, too, and Multnomah County, Ore., where Portland is located, just passed a preschool initiative of its own.

The pandemic has driven hundreds of thousands of mothers out of the workforce, highlighting the conflict between the needs of small children and the demands of the economy. At the Democratic National Convention this summer, Sen. Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts delivered a remote address from an early childhood classroom, stressing the message that child care is "infrastructure for families."

But, like tripling Title I and increasing teachers' pay, any major expansion of pre-K is going to be expensive, likely requiring both states and the federal government to chip in. Pringle said she'll be looking for action from agencies such as the Department of Health and Human Services, which oversees Head Start, and the Department of Labor as well as the Education Department.

Higher ed

For higher education, Biden released an expensive and ambitious plan during the campaign that included free public colleges, loan forgiveness and more money for low-income students to pay for college.

Broadly, the federal government's approach to higher education seems almost certain to be less confrontational. In both rhetoric and policy, the Trump administration was openly hostile to colleges, viewing them as liberal, elite institutions that were out of touch with the rest of the country.

"Across most of public and private nonprofit higher ed, there is a sigh of relief," said Robert Kelchen, a professor of higher education at Seton Hall University.

"This will be an administration that cares about the challenges that students are facing, that knows that the cost of college is a significant problem and needs to be addressed both on the front end and the back end," said Antoinette Flores, director of postsecondary education at the Center for American Progress.

Other experts, though, are less certain how far the Biden administration might go to fight for progressive policy proposals, some of which were borrowed from Warren and Sen. Bernie Sanders for the campaign.

"These plans, they look nothing like what [Biden] advocated in 2008, or really nothing like what he's advocated for most of his career," said Jason Delisle of the American Enterprise Institute, a right-leaning think tank. "We should take him at his word. But you look at what he's proposed on higher ed in the past, and you just sort of have to say, 'Do you really believe your own stuff here? How hard is he going to fight for this?' "

Plus, there is the potential of a Republican-controlled Senate, which will pose a challenge for progressive legislation and funding increases. The administration will most likely rely on other ways to make policy changes: through executive orders and regulations from the Department of Education.

More money

As with K-12 schools, the biggest priority for higher ed is getting through the pandemic. Just 40% of colleges are operating fully or primarily in person this fall.

"The finances are very bad across the board right now," Kelchen said. "[Colleges] have laid off staff members, they've laid off faculty, they've cut majors in programs. They're doing everything they can to preserve their money so they can get through the length of the pandemic, and quite a few colleges are starting to run out of money because this has gone on so long."

The American Council on Education, a group representing college presidents, is asking for $120 billion to support higher ed. A relief package will be a major priority for the Biden administration if the Trump administration and Congress can't do something in the meantime.

Student loans

There was a lot of talk during the campaign, especially from Democratic candidates Warren and Sanders, about forgiving some — or all — of the nation's $1.5 trillion in student debt.

Congress and the Trump administration opened the door in March when they issued a moratorium on student loan payments because of the pandemic, which Trump later extended through Dec. 31. Higher education groups have asked DeVos to extend that suspension of payments until September 2021. "I expect the Biden administration to support that plan," Kelchen wrote in an op-ed in The Chronicle of Higher Education.

The pandemic may be good cover for loan forgiveness — Biden has proposed a number of changes to paying back loans, including canceling $10,000 in debt for students who work in national or community service.

But it's unclear exactly how the administration would go about doing that in a more permanent way. Warren has noted that the education secretary does have the power to cancel loans via an obscure and rarely used provision in a 1958 law.

"Would Biden's secretary of education use that authority to enact his loan-forgiveness plans? I don't know," Delisle said. "Politically speaking, the question is, how far can you take it? Trump has pushed the envelope, in terms of power, and so for Democrats, it's really, how much can you get away with?"

Immigration

The Trump administration has tightened restrictions on immigration, which often directly affect higher education, notably in a roller coaster two weeks this summer when the administration tried to ban international students from coming to the U.S. if their classes were held online due to the pandemic. It's possible the Biden administration will focus on immigration ahead of any policies specific to higher education.

"Higher education is, in general, very supportive of making it easier for international students to come to, and stay in, the U.S.," Kelchen said. "International enrollment went down substantially this fall, part of it due to the pandemic and part of it due to changes in immigration policy. And that's a big revenue loss."

A Biden administration could also push to make protections for DREAMers, young undocumented immigrants brought to the U.S. as children, permanent, and to create a path to American citizenship. That policy has been encouraged by high education leaders and groups.

Walking back DeVos' policies

Additional policies the Biden administration may strengthen or revive that were dismantled or weakened under Trump include "borrower defense to repayment," a policy that allows for the cancellation of debt when students have been misled or defrauded by their colleges and the "gainful-employment" rule, a policy that targets programs where debt is high in relation to income.

Another focus point: Title IX , which governs how colleges handle sexual assault and sexual harassment. As vice president, Biden helped craft federal guidelines around students' reports of assault — he personally unveiled the now famous "Dear Colleague" letter that outlined how colleges should handle reports.

Under DeVos, the rule was changed — strengthening protections for accused students and employees. Advocates for victims' rights said that made it harder for people to report offenses.

"I think [Biden] will continue prioritizing addressing sexual harassment and safe school climates for students," said Shiwali Patel of the National Women's Law Center, an organization challenging DeVos' Title IX changes in court.

For-profit colleges

The Trump administration has been friendly with the for-profit sector, but that is set to change under a Biden administration. As the attorney general of California, Vice President-elect Kamala Harris prosecuted Corinthian Colleges, a large chain of for-profit colleges that defrauded students.

"Harris' track record prosecuting for-profits and her awareness of the depths of the abuses is really important," said Flores of the Center for American Progress. "I think that will inform the response in the regulations that come out of this administration."

While several large for-profit companies were shut down under the Obama administration, the pandemic may usher in new growth to the sector, she noted. Already this fall, enrollment is up at for-profit colleges, while all other types of colleges have seen declines.

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