Harvard, MIT Part of $800 Million Deal to Push Access to Online Education - The Wall Street Journal

Harvard, MIT Part of $800 Million Deal to Push Access to Online Education - The Wall Street Journal Harvard, MIT Part of $800 Million Deal to Push Access to Online Education - The Wall Street Journal Posted: 29 Jun 2021 04:00 AM PDT Education-technology company 2U Inc., which runs graduate programs for dozens of top universities, is buying web-based course provider edX, a nonprofit founded by Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, for $800 million. The deal combines two major players in online instruction as universities around the world push more aggressively into digital offerings. Many schools scrambled to shift courses online when the pandemic shut campuses last year, and they are now expected to build on—and polish—the programs. The sale proceeds will go to a nonprofit, to be run by Harvard and MIT, that the schools say will focus on reducing inequalities in access to education. It will maintain the open-acc

U.S. News Releases Its Rankings Of The Best Online College Programs For 2020 - Forbes

U.S. News Releases Its Rankings Of The Best Online College Programs For 2020 - Forbes

U.S. News Releases Its Rankings Of The Best Online College Programs For 2020 - Forbes

Posted: 14 Jan 2020 12:00 AM PST

U.S. News & World Report announced its 2020 Best Online Programs rankings today, the ninth edition of these rankings. This year more than 1,600 programs were ranked — up from 1,545 last year and 677 in the first edition in 2012.

The list includes Bachelor's programs at the institutional level and graduate programs in seven fields (including specialties within these fields) — nursing, computer information technology, criminal justice, education, business (non-MBA), MBA, and engineering.

U.S. News also ranks the Best Online Programs for Veterans, and the top three schools, in order, for 2020 were Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University-Worldwide, the University of Florida, and Oregon State University.

Undergraduate Programs

The highest-ranked online Bachelor's program is The Ohio State University, replacing last year's leader, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University-Worldwide, which slipped to second place. Ohio State had been ranked #1 in 2018. The University of Illinois-Chicago placed third, up from the fifth spot last year. The University of Florida and Oregon State University were fourth and fifth, respectively. A total of 353 colleges were ranked.

The methodology used by U.S. News to rank online undergraduate offerings is based on four factors, composed of multiple measures that are self-reported by institutions or gathered through a peer survey. Only degree-granting programs at regionally accredited institutions are included, and the rankings are restricted to programs where all required coursework can be completed via distance learning courses incorporating internet-based technology (The programs may also include in-person orientations, clinical requirements, and testing.).


Engagement (35%) This factor taps best practices in online education, including whether students have opportunities to interact with instructors and classmates and whether exams are authenticated. Other components include retention rate, graduation rate, average class size and the use of multiple assessments of student outcomes.

Services and Technologies (25%) This factor includes measures of student indebtedness (making up 50% of this overall factor), technological infrastructure (e.g., do students have remote access to chatrooms), and availability of support services such as 24/7 tech support, advising and course registration, libraries, career guidance, and financial aid resources.

Faculty Credentials and Training (20%) This factor is based on percentages of online faculty who have a terminal degree, who have undergone training to teach distance learners, who have a Master's degree or higher, and who are tenured. 

Expert Opinion (20%) A survey of academic officials tries to account for factors affecting program quality not conveyed by quantitative statistics. This is a subjective measure of reputation, which is often based on general impressions of institutions.  

Graduate Programs

Although graduate programs are ranked using a similar methodology as for undergraduate programs, there are differences in the factors and their weightings between the various categories. For example, "student excellence" is a fifth category employed for ranking all graduate programs, with weightings that range from 10% (Nursing) to 15% (Business, non-MBA). As another example, the importance given to "faculty credentials and training" ranges from weightings of 15% (MBA, Business (non-MBA), and Education) to 25% (Engineering and Computer Information Technology). The rationale for these differences is less than obvious.

MBA (335 colleges)

1.Indiana University—Bloomington (Kelley) (tie)

1.University of North Carolina—Chapel Hill (Kenan-Flagler) (tie)

3. Carnegie Mellon University (Tepper)

Business, non-MBA (188 colleges)

1. University of Southern California (Marshall)

2. Indiana University—Bloomington (Kelley)

3. Villanova University

Computer Information Technology (62 colleges)

1. University of Southern California

2. Johns Hopkins University (Whiting)

3. University of Arizona

Criminal Justice (83 colleges)

1. University of California—Irvine

2. Sam Houston State University (TX)

3. Boston University (tie)

3. University of Massachusetts—Lowell (tie)

Education (309 colleges)

1. Clemson University (Moore)

2. University of Florida

3. University of Virginia (Curry)

Engineering (96 colleges)

1. Columbia University (Fu Foundation) (tie)

1. University of California—Los Angeles (Samueli) (tie)

3. Purdue University—West Lafayette

Nursing (183 colleges)

1. Rush University (Illinois)

2. University of South Carolina

3. Johns Hopkins University

Online programs continue to be a major source of higher education, particularly for adults returning to school. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, 2.2 million undergraduates enrolled exclusively in online programs in fall 2017; another 870,000 students were enrolled in online post-baccalaureate curricula.

The U.S. News rankings of online programs addresses this growing sector with an elaborate methodology, but it retains some components that remain problematic - relying on institutions' self-report of much of the underlying data, placing too much emphasis on institutional inputs rather than student outcomes, and continuing to use peer ratings, which are even more suspect for this domain than for traditional on-campus programs.

That said, most of the factors are reasonable, face-valid indicators of how high-quality distance learning programs should operate at least in principle. And to its credit, U.S News adjusted the weightings this year so that acceptance rates and standardized tests are given less emphasis for rating graduate programs. While several factors still favor established institutions that can spend more money on their online programs, the ratings provide useful data for consumers, particularly nontraditional students who might otherwise have few sources of information about their college options.

Harvard and MIT to Sell edX for $800 Million - Harvard Magazine

Posted: 29 Jun 2021 03:52 AM PDT

Harvard, MIT, and edX announced today that edX, the two institutions' 2012 joint venture into online education, would be sold to leading educational technology company 2U for $800 million. 2U, a publicly traded company listed on the NASDAQ, with revenues expected to approach $1 billion in 2021, is an online program manager. The company provides digital platforms and marketing and logistical support that allows colleges and universities to offer online instruction but does not itself provide degrees. 

As part of the agreement, which is subject to approval by Massachusetts attorney general Maura Healey '92, 2U will own and plans to operate edX as a public benefit entity, which means that in addition to creating value for shareholders, edX will also provide a specific public benefit—in this case, online courses, some of which can be audited for free. Currently, edX offers more than 3,000 online programs. "With the acquisition," according to a University statement, "2U's network will expand to include more than 230 partners, including over 185 nonprofit colleges and universities and 19 of the top 20 ranked universities globally."

Harvard University provost Alan M. Garber said in an interview that the most important aspect of the match with 2U is that the company will continue edX's mission. "They have committed to continuing to provide free audit tracks—in other words, free courses—in a wide range of subjects. And there are other provisions of the agreement," said Garber, "that give us a great deal of comfort" that they will continue to make "great courses available at low or no cost to learners throughout the world."

The proceeds from the transaction will be used to fund a nonprofit organization led by Harvard and MIT that will be focused on "transforming educational outcomes" and "tackling learning inequities." The nonprofit—as yet unnamed—will partner with community colleges and other educational institutions that serve under-resourced communities, and with other nonprofit organizations, enterprises, and governments seeking to address inequities in education and the challenges of workforce reskilling in the context of forces such as globalization and technological innovation. "The specifics of what it will do will be worked out over the coming months," Garber said, "as we consult with faculty at Harvard and MIT and other universities, with partners, and with many other people who are dedicated to improving education." 

This Harvard- and MIT-run nonprofit will also retain ownership of the open source software platform on which edX is built, and will work with 2U to continue to improve it. This means that government users, including countries such as Israel, France, Russia, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia, will continue to be able to take advantage of its rich features. "This was a central consideration," said Garber. "We wanted to ensure the ongoing vitality of the platform because so many learners around the world are dependent" on it.

Asked how much of the proceeds from the sale would be used as endowment, and how much allocated to current use in support of the stated aims of the new nonprofit, Garber said that a final decision had not been made, but he expected that "a large component of it will be endowment."

The sale of edX, which is expected to close within 120 days, does not signal a retreat by Harvard from online education generally. HarvardX will remain part of Harvard and will continue to produce courses that can be offered through edX. (And professors will still be able to choose whether they wish to participate in creating online courses or not.) Garber noted that during the pandemic, much of the teaching at Harvard was conducted remotely. And he said he suspects that "online teaching activities will continue with even greater enthusiasm" in the future. 

Globally, he continued, "the pandemic greatly increased the demand for online courses. That does not mean that it will all be online for everyone….Many of us believe that the most effective form of learning for many students will be a combination of excellent online courses with complementary face-to-face instruction." But the huge increase in demand, and continuing innovations in delivery of online education, suggested that large capital investments would be required to maintain the excellence of edX, Garber continued. In an assessment shared in the Harvard Gazette, he said that edX risked falling behind as for-profit online education providers invested in new platforms and courses. He added that 2U has the resources to carry out edX's mission of including access to low-cost and free courses for diverse learners with continued innovation and at a greater scale than is readily attainable for a nonprofit.

2U has created online graduate degree programs with numerous leading institutions of higher education including Yale, Syracuse University, Northwestern University, and the University of California, Berkeley. At Harvard, 2U helped launch the nine-month Harvard Business Analytics Program for mid-career professionals, a certificate program which is taught by faculty from Harvard Business School, the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.

There are other good reasons that Harvard might wish to shift its focus to better support the larger mission of addressing educational inequity. In a 2019 article in Science, two researchers used data gathered by edX to show that massive open online courses (MOOCs) are likely not the best way to educate the world's disadvantaged; most of the many online learners using the platform, they found, already had a college degree. Around the same time, many providers of online education, including edX, began to address the challenge of sustainably providing low-cost online education by starting to charge fees for some courses, particularly those with a synchronous component (sometimes requiring teaching staff) or that were part of a series that led to a certificate or a degree. Given this background, the sale of edX to 2U will allow Harvard and MIT to continue with the mission of reaching diverse global learners, as they envisioned at the outset.

"Our universities founded edX nearly ten years ago to raise the aspirations for online education and make university courses accessible to learners around the world," said Harvard president Lawrence S. Bacow and MIT president Rafael Reif in a joint statement. "Today's announcement will carry forward this mission on a whole new scale, connecting many more learners with a wider range of high-quality options for content, credentials, and degrees. With online education rapidly changing, it's the right moment for this leap of evolution for edX. At the same time, the nonprofit that emerges from this transaction will enable us and our partners to support innovation that enhances learning for all and, we hope, play a catalytic role in closing the learning gap that exists for far too many."

An official 2U statement describing the transaction is available here.

Can New International Students Take Online Classes? | Best Colleges | US News - U.S. News & World Report

Posted: 15 Jun 2021 12:00 AM PDT

[unable to retrieve full-text content]Can New International Students Take Online Classes? | Best Colleges | US News  U.S. News & World Report

What to Know About Health Care Management Degrees and Programs | Best Graduate Schools | US News - U.S. News & World Report

Posted: 10 Jun 2021 12:00 AM PDT

[unable to retrieve full-text content]What to Know About Health Care Management Degrees and Programs | Best Graduate Schools | US News  U.S. News & World Report


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